Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.nust.na:8080/jspui/handle/10628/748
Title: Determinants of under-five mortality in Namibia: an analysis of the 2013 Namibia demographic and health survey data
Other Titles: Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Applied Statistics, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Windhoek, Namibia
Authors: Hamunyela, Ndapunikwa Nghipuulenga Lavinia
Keywords: Under-Five Mortality
Survival Analysis
Cox Proportional Hazard
Frailty Models - Namibia
Issue Date: Aug-2020
Publisher: Namibia University of Science and Technology
Citation: Hamunyela, N. N. L. (2020). Determinants of under-five mortality in Namibia: an analysis of the 2013 Namibia demographic and health survey data. (Unpublished master thesis). Namibia University of Science and Technology, Windhoek.
Abstract: This thesis reports on a statistical analysis on risk factors associated with under-five mortality in Namibia. Secondary data were obtained from the 2013 Namibia Demographic and Health Survey data. Children survival was measured by age at death and the event variable was whether the children were still alive or dead after the first five (years) of their lives. Variables included were maternal education, mother’s marital status, the age of the mother at first birth, preceding birth interval, type of birth, place of residence, household wealth index, status of breastfeed and the place of delivery. Descriptive summary statistics in the form of tables and graphs were used to profile the background characteristics of the children. Survival analysis techniques (Kaplan-Meier curves, Log Rank Test and Cox Proportional Hazards model) were used to establish the determinants of survival among under-five children. Frailty model with regions as a random effect was fitted- to determine the influence of unobserved risk factors on under-five mortality. Results revealed that maternal highest level of education (higher/tertiary level), status of breastfeed (children who have been breastfeed), the place of delivery (those born in private medical facilities) and type of birth (single births), were found to be the risk factors associated with under-five mortality in Namibia. Policy efforts should focus on encouraging mothers to breastfeed the children as children who were breastfed are 54 times less likely to die below the age of five (5) compared to those who were not breastfed and more focuses on programs that empower women such as free education to all, especially tertiary education. Children born at private facilities are at lower risk of death compared to those born at home and this calls for further research on the reasons behind.
URI: http://ir.nust.na/jspui/handle/10628/748
Appears in Collections:Masters and PhD Theses

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