Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.nust.na:8080/jspui/handle/10628/477
Title: Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis, hepatitis B and C in blood donations in Namibia.
Authors: Mavenyengwa, Rooyen T.
Mukesi, Munyaradzi
Chipare, Israel
Shoombe, Esra
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus - Namibia
HIV - Namibia
Syphilis - Namibia
Hepatitis B - Namibia
Hepatitis C - Namibia
Blood donations - Namibia
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: BMC Public Health
Citation: Mavenyengwa, R. T., Mukesi, M., Chipare, I., & Shoombe, E. (2014). Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis, hepatitis B and C in blood donations in Namibia. BMC Public Health, 14(424), 1-7.
Abstract: Background: Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), syphilis, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are infections which are common in some communities in Southern Africa. It is important to screen blood donations for these infections. Methods: This is a retrospective study which involved reviewing of previous blood donation records for the year 2012 in Namibia. The records were analyzed to determine the prevalence of HIV, syphilis, Hepatitis B and C among blood donations with regard to gender, age and geographical region of the donors. Results: The findings indicated a significantly low prevalence of HIV, syphilis, HBsAg and anti-Hepatitis C among the blood donations. A low infection rate of 1.3% by any of the four tested TTIs was found among the blood donations given by the donor population in Namibia in 2012. Conclusion: The blood donations given by the donor population in Namibia has a low infection rate with the HIV, syphilis, HBsAg and anti-HCV. A strict screening regime must continue to be used as the infections are still present albeit in small numbers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10628/477
ISSN: 1471-2458
Appears in Collections:Health Sciences

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